Malaria diagnostic test kits detect antigens or antibodies in the serum, plasma or blood through the use of species-specific complementary markers in the test device.
The malaria test kits can detect the presence of both Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax infection. Diagnosis consists of a one-step test that takes approximately 20 minutes to provide a result. In the case of a positive result one should consult with their doctor to consider the first stage of treatment.
Our malaria test kits have been shown to be accurate in 98% of cases, clearly demonstrating their reliability. Certain medical factors may influence the result of the diagnostic tests, for instance, an individual taking other medications. Therefore, you should consult a doctor before using malaria test kits.
Malaria is caused by the Plasmodium protozoan parasite and transmitted by infected Anopheles mosquitos. On average the incubation period is between 9-40 days, depending on the species of parasite.
The uncomplicated symptoms of the disease are often characterized by a malaria attack which lasts 6-10 hours and is associated with a cold stage, a hot stage and a sweating stage. As the disease progresses more severe symptoms develop, linked with serious organ failure and abnormalities in blood or metabolism. Common symptoms of severe malaria include cerebral malaria, severe anemia, hemoglobinuria, acute respiratory distress syndrome, low blood pressure, acute kidney failure, hyperparasitemia, metabolic acidosis, and hypoglycemia.
Once infected with malaria it is possible to relapse following recovery. To prevent malaria, antimalarials have been developed to meet the requirements of different treatment groups i.e. pregnant women, travelers, immigrants, HIV patients. In addition to antimalarials, it is advised to avoid mosquito bites through the use of insect repellant, long-sleeved clothing, and insecticide-treated bed nets.
Malaria is prevalent in broadband around the equator, predominantly affecting the Americas, Asia, and Africa. The tropical and subtropical climates provide an ideal environment for the rapidly reproducing mosquito. Each year there are half a million fatal cases of malaria, primarily young children with little or no acquired immunity. Although the global incidence of malaria cases has decreased by 54% since 2000 there is still a desperate need for a united effort in the fight against malaria.
Antimalarials are also available to treat individuals infected with malaria. A variety of different antimalarials are available, for example Artemisinin, Chloroquine, Malarone, Coartem, Lariam, Doxycycline, Clindamycin, Artesuante and Primaquine.
Combination therapies have shown the greatest success in terms of malaria treatment. The choice of antimalarial depends on the severity of the disease, the species of malaria and the geographical location, due to the resistance associated with each variable.
Who needs malaria test kits?
Anyone who is in a malaria incidence zone, or has recently left, and is showing symptoms of malaria should take the test.
What is the difference between an antigen and an antibody malaria tests?
An antigen is any substance or object that induces an immune response. Infected body cells display antigens on their cell surface, which induces the production of specific antibodies that recognize the antigens. An antibody is a protein produced by plasma cells, used to identify and neutralize foreign objects in the body such as viruses and bacteria. Malaria is caused by a parasite, which when in the body is recognized as a foreign object by antibodies specific to the parasite. The test detects the presence of these specific antibodies/immunoglobulins.
Which malaria test kit is right for me?
If you have been in a P. Falciparum region (e.g. Africa, Americas) then the Pf test is recommended. If you have been in a P. Falciparum or P. Vivax region (e.g Central Asia, Africa) then the Pf/Pv test is recommended. The test you choose also depends on the type of sample you have collected. For example, the whole blood test would be advised only if you have a blood sample. The antibody tests detect malaria antibodies and can be used to test for the disease within 3 months following exposure. The reliability of the antibody test is high for uncomplicated cases of malaria. The antigen test detects malaria antigens and can be used to test for the disease within 11 days to one month following exposure. The reliability of the antigen test is high for primary infection however increasingly less afterward.
Where can I buy malaria test kits?
malaria test kits can be purchased from any local retailer distributing the products. The tests kits can also be provided for distribution following contact with the pill doctor sales department.
Can I use the malaria test kits at home?
The malaria test kits require a blood sample from the patient, which should be obtained by a qualified medical professional. The serum/plasma test kits require the extraction of serum/plasma from the blood sample, this should be performed in a medical environment where there is access to centrifuge machines. The malaria test kits themselves are simple and easy to use and do not require any other equipment than what is included in the packages. Results can be read visually and do not require any screening equipment.
Are malaria test kits 100% accurate?
Malaria test kits are very accurate when used properly and as instructed. Most inaccuracies experienced with testing kits are due to incorrect use of the equipment. Malaria test kits are over 97% accurate. However, it is worth confirming the test results via a licensed medical testing facility. In areas where there is limited access to laboratory services these test kits are the best option for diagnosis and reducing over-treatment. Infection usually occurs seven days after the initial mosquito bite, so testing should take place after this window to maximize accuracy. The accuracy of malaria test kits depends primarily on the specificity and sensitivity. It is also important to consider the species of the parasite with regards to accuracy. The sensitivity of a malaria test depends on the ability of the test to detect a certain concentration of circulating antigens/antibodies in the patient’s blood, and the ability of the test to form a visible line. The specificity of a malaria test depends on the ability of the test to correctly exclude individuals without the disease. Specificity is increased if the test is identifying fewer species of parasite i.e. only Pf rather than Pf and Pv.