What is Ramipril and what is it used for?
Ramipril is a medicine widely used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure. It’s also prescribed after a heart attack. Ramipril helps prevent future strokes, heart attacks and kidney problems. It also improves your survival if you’re taking it for heart failure or after a heart attack. This medicine is available on prescription. It comes as tablets, capsules and as a liquid that you swallow.
Who can and can’t take ramipril?
Ramipril can be taken by adults aged 18 and over. If you have diabetes, check your blood sugar (glucose) more often, particularly in the first few weeks.
This is because ramipril can lower the sugar level in your blood.
Ramipril is not suitable for everyone. To make sure ramipril is safe for you, tell your doctor if you:
- have had an allergic reaction to ramipril or any other medicine in the past
- are trying to get pregnant, are already pregnant or you’re breastfeeding
- are having dialysis or any other type of blood filtration
- have heart, liver or kidney problems
- have unstable or low blood pressure
- have diabetes
- are going to have a major operation (surgery) or general anaesthetic to put you to sleep
- have recently had any diarrhoea or vomiting
- are on a low-salt diet
- are going to have desensitisation treatment to reduce your allergy to insect stings
- have a blood problem such as low white blood cell count (neutropenia or agranulocytosis)
Serious side effects
It happens rarely, but some people have serious side effects after taking ramipril.
Call a doctor straight away if you get:
- yellow skin or the whites of your eyes turn yellow – this can be a sign of liver problems
- paleness, feeling tired, faint or dizzy, any sign of bleeding (like bleeding from the gums and bruising more easily), sore throat and fever and getting infections more easily – these can be signs of a blood or bone marrow disorder
- a faster heart rate, chest pain and tightness in your chest – these can be signs of heart problems
- shortness of breath, wheezing and tightening of the chest – these can be signs of lung problems
- severe stomach pain – this can be a sign of an inflamed pancreas
- swollen ankles, blood in your pee or not peeing at all – these can be signs of kidney problems
- weak arms and legs or problems speaking – these can be signs of a stroke
Serious allergic reaction
In rare cases, ramipril may cause a serious allergic reaction (anaphylaxis).